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The Roman monarchy
The Roman monarchy started in the 753 b.c.e. Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus, and Romulus later became king. He killed his brother and established the city of Rome (which is named right after him). Romulus was trying to attract immigrants and outcasts, for that reason, Rome amassed a huge and diverse group of individuals. According to legend, Sabines, a group of folks from a neighboring town, didn’t want to intermarry with the Romans. As a remedy, “both sides would later make peace with 1 yet another soon after a short war, and the Sabine king, Titus Tatius, would later grow to be joint-ruler of Rome alongside Romulus, as a result cementing the Sabine integration into the Roman populace.” (Evans).
After ruling for 40 years, Romulus disappearedfrom the Field of Mars. The reign of Romulus showed the Roman worth of a respect for diversity because Rome is produced up of outcasts and immigrants. And with the diverse group of men and women, the culture is created by mixing distinct backgrounds of these immigrants and outcasts. In the course of Romulus’s reign, the Romans integrated with the Sabines, consequently, Romulus had to listen to Titus Tatius, who ruled beside him, and the Sabines in order to keep a peaceful reign for 40 years.
There had been six much more kings succeeding Romulus. Preceding Romulus was Numa Pompilius (715-673 BC), who was elected from the Sabine Town of Cures. Numa was identified as the “a man of peace who established Roman religion.”(Beard) Numa most importantly give his men and women a pontifex, someone that the public can consult about difficulties in the city or for advice. After Numa Pompilius was Tullus Hostilius (673-642 BC), during whose reign a war erupted amongst the Romans, Albans, and Etruscans. Tullus was recognized to be a sturdy military leader, but according to the legend, his reign ended when he was struck by lightning by the god Jupiter.
The fourth king of the Roman Monarchy was Ancus Marcius (642-627 BC). Ancus Marcius was the grandson of Numa and during his reign he extended the Roman territory. His reign ended when he lost a well-liked election to Lucius Tarquinius Priscus. Lucius Tarquinius Priscus (534-510 BC), was Etruscan. During his reign, he elevated the senate to 100 men and women and by the end of his reign Rome has grow to be as city-states. Preceding his reign was Servius Tullius, who was appointed by Tarquinius’ widow. In the course of his reign he placed people into five classes, advanced the middle class, and created it a requirement to personal land in order to vote. His reign ended when Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, son of Tarquinius the Elder (the fifth king), assassinated Servius. The last king was Lucius Tarquinius Superbus. About 509- 510 B.C, there was big shift from Monarchy to the Republic. Lucius Tarquinius Superbus angered the patricians, who drove him out of the city. The explanation for the shift was to stop tyranny and oppressive values. “They had been so determined to avoid the reemergence of a tyrant in Rome that they abolished the monarchy and established a republic conferring most of the king’s executive authority.” (Grant and Kitzinger).
Some of the kings valued the opinion of their men and women and other folks gave a lot more energy to the government. The second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius, produced certain to hear the opinion of his people to “prevent the confusion which may well outcome from neglect of organic religious rite or the adoptions of foreign ones” (Boyle and Woodward). When the patricians drove out Lucius Tarquinius Superbus and totally ended monarchy it shows the Roman worth of having a voice of the folks. The last few kings have focused more on their own power as an alternative of their citizens’ demands.
The Romans didn’t have much of a voice contemplating they could only vote if they owned land. Some kings have been not elected to their position, some came to energy by assassination or appointed by one individual. This takes away the voice or choice of the Roman folks. The beginning and finish of Roman monarchy prominently shows their values: respect for diversity and respect for a voice of the people.
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