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Structuralism Psychology Essay
Theory, in science, the systematic movement established in Germany by Wilhelm Wundt and mainly described with Edward B. Titchener. Theory attempted to examine the individual knowledge (defined as the sum amount of education from first to the time) in terms of the simplest definable elements and so to see the way in which these components fit together in complex forms. The leading way of structuralist science was introspection (a thorough collection of observations made under controlled circumstances by educated observers using The stringently defined descriptive knowledge) . Titchener held that the education should be valued as a reality, as it is without examining the meaning or quantity of the happening. For him, this “ body of the brain ” had little to do with how or why the brain uses. In his major writing, the book of science (1909–10 ), he said that the only components needed to distinguish this conscious content are excitement and affection (thought ) .
James's later orientation to science. In his more acclaimed rule of science (1890 ) , James strongly criticized the research and functional approach to science he linked with Wundt and Titchener. The way was, for James, both very reductive and the bore! Its pursuit of essential psychological structures or components needed a completely unnatural and savage analysis of psychological life. In comparison, James emphasized the constant, indivisible and ever-changing world of psychological life via his idea of this stream of consciousness. He imagined awareness as both selective and practical.
The introspective science of the XIX century is that historically early kind of phenomenological science. In those early decades of the XX century, numerous science schools that structural psychology, functional psychology, Gestalt-psychology and others-refuted this introverted method and substituted it with other methodological principles, But they continued to be using information from the first person (personal ) perspective.
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