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Carl Jung Vs Sigmund Freud: A Comparison Of Psychodynamic Theories Of Personalities
Freud based his theory, which Jung referred to as instinct-based (Dolliver, 1994) off of the unconscious and conscious elements of the thoughts. He explained the unconscious as awareness inside the mind by way of feelings and sensations rather external awareness. Freud believed that the 3 stages that consisted of a person’s character have been the id, the ego, and the super-ego (Abu-Raiya, 2011). Id, ego, and super-ego all stand at various degrees of consciousness (Segrist, 2009).
Id is the 1st stage, which begins at infancy. Id is pleasure driven and is unconscious fully and acts on impulses such as sexual drive and aggression. Paying no consideration to reasoning, id is purely devoted to enabling as considerably satisfaction as possible although simultaneously decreasing something that causes dissatisfaction to any extent (Abu-Raiya, 2011).
The recognition of reality is where the ego becomes present. The ego is developed once one realizes that a sort of compromise need to be produced in order for pleasure to be ensured. The ego is mostly conscious and is driven by logical thinking rather than the illogical pondering of id.
Whilst id will act on impulse to get something that will offer satisfaction, the ego will cease the id from acting irrational in order to receive that pleasure (Abu-Raiya, 2011).
The super-ego is linked with the morality side of one’s personality. Freud regarded as the super ego to be connected to the Oedipal Complex (Lesmeister, 1998). The Oedipal Complicated develops in childhood and is when the kid begins to direct its libido, or sexual energy, toward the parent of the opposite sex even though simultaneously fearing the reprisal from the parent of the exact same sex (Abu-Raiya, 2011).
Despite the fact that Jung agreed with Freud’s theory of the thoughts becoming divided into 3 separate components and acknowledged the suggestions of the conscious and unconscious mind, he did posses his own special theories to this idea. Alternatively of the id, the ego, and the super-ego, Jung, with emphasis on the unconscious, theorized that the character consisted of the ego, the private unconscious, and the collective unconscious (Williams, 1963). Jung believed there was much more to the unconscious than Freud theorized. Jung introduced in his own theory the concept of the individual unconscious. The private unconscious is distinctive to each and every individual. He also theorized about the collective unconscious, in which archetypes are universal all through the person unconscious (Abu-Raiya, 2011).
The private unconscious is straight linked to the collective unconscious. The individual unconscious is the first layer of the two unconscious. Repressed memories are positioned in the private unconscious (Williams, 1963).
The collective unconscious is the second layer of the unconscious. Jung believed that everyone shares certain thoughts, ideas, and symbols no matter where on the Earth they reside or in what instances period they are born. These symbols he referred to as archetypes. Archetypes are derived and from culture and society. Jung’s archetypes consist of the mask/persona, the shadow, the anima/animus, and the self (Moore, 2000).
The shadow is the component of a person’s character that no one sees. The shadow can be connected to Freud’s id. This is the dark side of an person the side that is kept hidden and concealed (Moore, 2000).
The anima is the feministic tendencies in guys and the animus is the masculine tendencies in woman, which come from centuries of living with each other. There is a constant presence of masculinity in ladies and of feminism in males, also recognized as the maternal and the paternal instincts in the opposite sex (Moore, 2000).
The mask, or persona of a person’s character is the way one particular acts about other people. The persona is the character an individual will show to others, masking one’s correct nature. The persona is influenced drastically by society (Moore, 2000).
The final archetype is self. Self is the sense of completeness in an individual’s existence. Self is what Jung believed to be the goal of every individual to obtain in life, and . Self is superior to the other archetypes due to the fact it is the center of the character as a whole (Abu-Raiya, 2011).
Jung’s Psychodynamic Theory of Character focuses primarily on the existence of the spiritual existence – whether a believer or not, there is the morality, or sense of one thing not getting proper, that one particular submits to – even though Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory of Character focuses largely on the materialistic aspects and sexual desires of the unconscious thoughts, excluding anything religious. Out of the two different theories, Jung’s is the most controversial, however neither theory can be disproved (Abu-Rya, 2011).
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