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The Theme Of Justice In Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird
The story is narrated by the protagonist, Scout, as an adult lady nostalgically recalling her early childhood more than a two-year period. It is presented with the naivete and youth which characterise the observations of an innocent. Simply because Scout does not perceive or comprehend the complete implications of what she sees and hears, Lee is able contrast the consistency, justice and honesty of young children and the double standards, prejudice and sordid adult values inherent in her revelations and mature characters. The 1st half of the novel revolves around the Scout’s childhood in Maycomb, a fictional “tired old town” in Alabama, just before the alleged rape to enlighten readers on the complete social backdrop and subconsciously groom the children for “Maycomb’s usual disease”. In the course of the novel, Lee makes use of the symbol of a mockingbird to articulate justice by stressing the sin of killing one particular, as it is utterly innocent and defenceless. Tom Robinson, convicted of crime he did not commit because of his race, and Boo Radley, imagined as a lunatic and monster by townspeople who take into account him an outsider without attempting to seek the truth, are each metaphors for a slain mockingbird and for the perversion of justice. The language is appropriate for the a variety of contexts and speakers of the book: Similes and metaphors are consistently used to creates images and emphasize significant ideas, objects are personified to give a homely impression, and a variety of dialects and southern colloquialisms are applied to attach authenticity and construct a social comment about a character. Notably, prejudiced and unprejudiced characters differentiate in their description of African-Americans and regardless of whether their relative poverty is a social or racial dilemma.
Lee positions the plot for the duration of the height of the Excellent Depression when most Southerners believed in the inferiority of African-Americans and their want for the possessions and status of Whites, including Anglo-Saxon ladies. The classroom preaching of “equal rights for all, special privileges for none” was far from the practiced reality. Scout ponders the hypocrisy of Miss Gate’s revulsion of Hitler’s persecution of Jews as properly as her proclamation that “Over here we don’t think in persecuting anybody” and her prejudice against African-Americans. Similarly, she learns of prejudice from Dolphus Raymond, a white man who pretends to be a drunkard to furnish townspeople with an explanation for his residing with his black mistress. Meanwhile, racial segregation is implicitly applauded by most citizens, such as Scout’s Aunt Alexandra, who believes that an individual’s superficial attributes, such as race, gender and class, deposits them inside a definite rung in the social hierarchy. She discourages Scout from socialising with the Cunninghams, a loved ones of the reduce class, and from visiting the African-American Calpurnia’s residence.
The conduct of Maycomb’s white population towards African-Americans culminate in a society and judiciary that is openly discriminatory, creating injustice inevitable. Tom Robinson is legally entitled to the benefits of a fair trial by his peers, the supposed impartiality of the jury and an assumption of innocence under the law. Nonetheless, African-Americans are barred from the jury box, as are ladies (significantly to Scout’s indignation), although the incensed and racially prejudiced mob tries to stop the court hearing itself. In the description of the courthouse, the supposed seat of blind justice, we understand African-Americans are legally necessary to be separated from white onlookers. The scene exactly where four African-American guys rise to give Scout and her companions their seats could appear as an act of respect for Atticus, but in truth the law demanded that the guys the males to vacate their seats for any white citizen who desired them.
Scout’s father, Atticus, believes that prejudice stems from a lack of understanding of other people’s opinions which leads to fear and intolerance. The community and all-white jury continuously assume “that all blacks lie, that all blacks are basically immoral beings” and take the word of white man over a black man, regardless of proof proving otherwise, so the “rigid and time-honoured code” they reside by is not upset. As Reverend Sykes says, “I ain’t ever noticed any jury make a decision in favour of a coloured man over a white man.” Yet Atticus, who represents Robinson, launches the ideal defense he can, believing that the slight possibility of justice supplied by the legal method is the light of explanation compared to the anarchy of the lynch mob. His shooting of the mad dog symbolises his resolve to suppress and protect his community from misguided prejudice, even if it indicates deviating from the norms of his personality and beliefs. He presents the certainty of information and purpose against the hypocrisy of prejudice born out of ignorance. Nevertheless, Scout reveals a profound grasp of the scenario when she says that “Atticus had employed each and every tool available to free males to save Tom Robinson, but in the secret courts of men’s hearts Atticus had no case. Tom was a dead man the minute Mayella Ewell opened her mouth and screamed”.
It is attainable to conclude from To Kill a Mockingbird that the extent of prejudice’s influence on the legal program outcomes in injustice. Nowhere does it execute much more harm than it does to Tom Robinson, a man who sets out to help a neglected, forlorn girl but consequently ends up convicted of rape simply because his skin colour predetermines his guilt. Nevertheless, the book also lights the path out of prejudice and injustice, which can be accomplished if human beings purge themselves of hypocrisy and paranoia and separate the details from preconceived assumptions by examining life and proof with a child’s objectivity.
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Level: Law School
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