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Normative Development Essay
The aim of the work is to prove my knowledge and understanding of the term ‘ criterion development ’. I would analyze daniel’s (person I carried out my baby report on) education and growth in relative to my knowledge and understanding of normative growth by relating to the Early Years Framework Stage (EYFS ) (Scottish Government, 2010) . I can present evidence of my knowledge and understanding of two theorists, in which can refer somehow to daniel’s education and growth. I can show how I stood and offered appropriate education opportunities for Daniel, by relating to all three visits. From that, I can assess and reflect on my ability to do that by applying the Pre-Birth to Three management (education and Teaching Scotland, 2010) and relate to my personal experience and indicate some challenges for staff wishing for children at early childhood centers.
Norms in society are the expectations of actions in specific situations. Social norms keep human social relations and behavior stable. Norms are “rules” that have developed within a particular society taking into account its values, culture and way of living. - The movie The Boondock Saints provides an excellent example of positive deviance through innovation. The Social theory of deviance can easily explain the brothers’ actions. The movie can be used to study deviance as the brothers kill people who are mafia members, breaking the norms of society.
Developmental psychologists have studied the norm of reciprocity and the development of this norm in children. Psychologists have found that children begin to show the reciprocal behavior around the age of two, when they observe the behavior of others and begin to have their own relationships with peers. One way that psychologists have been able to study the norm of reciprocity in children is by observing and experimenting on their toy sharing behavior.
According to Turner and Killian's emergent-norm theory, people develop new social norms as they interact in situations that lack firm guidelines for coping. These norms then exert a powerful influence on their behavior. The new norms evolve through a gradual practice of social exploration and testing. The crowd begins to define the situation, develop a justification for acts that would in other circumstances seem questionable. In this way, new norms may emerge that condone violence and destruction, but still impose some limits on crowd behavior (Turner and Killian, 1972, p. 21). Norms and values are resources for communication.
Once individuals find themselves in a situation ungoverned by previously established norms, they interact in small groups to develop new guidelines on how to behave. According to the emergent-norm perspective, crowds are not viewed as irrational, impulsive, uncontrolled groups. Instead, norms develop and are accepted as they fit the situation. While this theory offers insight into why norms develop, it leaves undefined the nature of norms, how they come to be accepted by the crowd, and how they spread through the crowd.
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