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The first President of India. Dr. Rajendra Prasad biography
He was a critical member of Indian National Congress and was constantly involved in Indian Politics. He also had a very kind heart. He helped the victims and the people in need. He helped people from the flood-affected regions of Bengal and Bihar in 1914. He acted as the president for Constituent assembly which was accountable for producing Indian Constitution. Later on, he was selected as the President of Indian Republic and he remained in office from the year 1950 to the year 1962 when he resigned from the workplace. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in the year 1962. Childhood and Early Life:
- Born in British India on 3rd Day of December of the year 1884 to Kayastha Hindu household. Born to Mahadev Sahai (Father) and Kamleshwari Devi (Mother).
- He was an exceptional student. He was taught Persian language, Arithmetic, and Hindi by a Moulvi at the age of 5.
- He was married at the young age of twelve to Rajalakshmi Devi.
- He held very first in the entrance examination to the University of Calcutta and was awarded Rs. 30 per month as an allowance by the University.
- Studied Science at 1st, and got the degree of F.A. from the University of Calcutta in the year 1904. Right after that, his interest shifted to Humanities and he concluded his M.A. in the field of Economics.
- He was also a fantastic public activist and was associated to Bihari Students Conference and The Dawn Society.
- ·In 1916, he 1st met Mahatma Gandhi. It was the Lucknow session of INC. Mahatma Gandhi persuaded him to volunteer for Champaran Movement. Later on, in the year 1920, when Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement, he joined it willingly. He gave his job at the university and also quit becoming a lawyer.
- He also involved his household in the Freedom Movement. For instance, he asked his son to leave the educational institutions run by British and join the Indian school for education named Bihar Vidyapeeth. Later Years:
- In the course of the Bombay Session of October 1934, he was elected as the President of Indian National Congress and once again in 1939 when Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose left the INC.
- He remained in jail for virtually 3 years (1942-1945), when the conspicuous leaders have been detained by the British Government on the account of hurling the Quit India Movement.
- On 11 December 1946, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the President of Constituent Assembly. He was also re-elected as the President of INC when J.B. Kriplani quit it.
- He was immensely involved in the making of the constitution.
- On 26th January 1950 when India adopted its constitution, he was elected as the Initial President of India. He continued to be the President of India for the subsequent twelve years.
- His spouse Rajavanshi Devi died in the year 1962 drastically affected by her death, he willingly resigned from the workplace and moved to Patna, Bihar.
- He was given Bharat Ratna, in the same year (1962).
- He died on 28th February 1963 due to illness.
- A memorial was erected to honor him, situated in Patna, Bihar “Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya”, Key Functions:
- As the President of Constituent Assembly, he contributed to the creating of Indian constitution.
- He wrote his biography “Atmakatha” throughout his time in prison. It was written for the duration of 1942 and 1945.
- His book “Bapu Ke Kadmon Mein” is devoted to Mahatma Gandhi’s thoughts.
- Satyagraha at Champaran (1922), a book that is dedicated to Satyagraha in the Champaran. It describes the strategies of non-violence that Mahatma Gandhi employed. It is also an powerful delineation of Mahatmaji’s approach of a operate-the strategy of Satyagraha, which, later organized via the length and breadth of the country, won India freedom from foreign rule.
- Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar, Some Reminiscences” (1949), it’s devoted the book to Mahatma Gandhi.
- Division of India (1946), this one particular revolves about the elements that had been responsible for the division of India and how it impacted the lives of folks. Bharatiya Shiksha, a book committed to Indian Education. Individual Life and Legacy:
- Married at the age of 12 to Rajvanshi Devi.
- He was succeeded by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. He was the very first Vice-President of India and the second President of India (1962-1967).
- Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s birthday is celebrated as “Teachers’ Day” on 5th September.
- His son was named Mrityunjaya Prasad and he was also involved with Indian National Movement.
- He was provided highest civilian award the Bharat Ratna for his contributions and his solutions to his motherland.
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