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The United States presidential election
Fundamental knowledge about United States presidential election
The process of United States presidential election
Law of United States stipulates that the presidential election will be held every single four years, on the Tuesday soon after the first Monday in November. Hence, the earliest election date of the year will be on the 2nd of November and the latest a single will be on the 8th of November.
The electoral process consists of two phases: the election of the candidates inside each and every parties referred to as the Main Election and the election amongst the candidates who won the Primary Election called the Common Elections.
Major Election: This is the method of candidates competing inside their personal celebration, with the aim of becoming the sole representative of the celebration in the election. The campaign period is from January to June of the year when the election requires place. The winner of the campaign will nominate a candidate to be related with the campaign.-
Basic Election: Soon after the parties have elected their representatives as presidential candidates for the election, the candidates of the parties will continue campaigning for the presidency.
The manner of United States presidential election
Presidents and Vice Presidents are the constitutional officers of the Federal Government, for a term of four years. President and Vice President are elected in the following manner:
The President and Vice President are not directly elected by the citizens but by the electors of the states. Electors will meet in every single state and elect the President and Vice President by ballot. The President and Vice President should not be residents of the very same state.
There are two various ballots: presidential votes and vice presidential votes. The final results of the elections will be forwarded to the government and presented to the President of the Senate in two folders, one particular is the list of presidential candidates the other is the list of vice presidential candidates. Every involves the corresponding quantity of votes.
The President of the Senate, in the presence of the Senate and the Residence of Representatives, will open all certified folders and count the votes. The particular person who gets far more than 50 % votes of the electors will win the election and become the President of the United States.
In case no 1 wins an absolute majority of votes of the electors, a contigent election will be held. The Property of Representatives will decide the contigent President election. Only the three candidates with the most electorial vote are admitted as candidates in this election, whereas the Senate will decide the contigent Vice President election. Only the two candidates, who get the highest quantity of votes in the electorial vote are elected in this election.
How does Electoral College performs
Every single state will nominate a specific number of electors equal to the total number of Representatives of the state and two Senators. The District of Columbia, even though it is not a state and has no voting correct in Congress, nonetheless has 3 electoral votes. Following the nationwide presidential election held in November, the Electoral College will meet in December. In most states, the electors vote based on how most voters in their state voted. Electors cast their votes in their respective states on December 15, and the National Assembly votes in January subsequent.
Most states provide electoral votes on the basis of “all or zero”. The candidate getting the most votes of citizens of a state will obtain all of this state’s electoral votes. One particular consequence of the “all or zero” system is that one candidate may win the most common votes but shed the election. Think about that candidate A wins in a massive state with a close outcome and that state has a lot of electoral votes. The candidate A will nevertheless acquire all electoral votes of that state. At the exact same time, the candidate A might shed in some smaller states with a huge gap and acquire fewer well-liked votes than another candidate. But the candidate A will nevertheless have an advantage in the Electoral College. For example, the candidate A wins in California with a close result but nonetheless receives all 55 electoral votes of this state. Then, the candidate A loses in Alaska, Hawaii, Kentucky, Ohio with a large gap in common votes. However, the total electoral votes of these four states are just 33 votes. Hence, despite the fact that the candidate A loses the well-liked votes, he/she could nonetheless get an advantage due to the fact of higher electoral votes.
Even so, this is nevertheless crucial for candidates running campaigns in all states, including those with smaller sized populations and fewer electoral votes, to receive a higher total number of electoral votes.three Conclusion President and Vice President are elected by the electors of the states and are not directly elected by well-known votes. In 2000, the Electoral College consisted of 538 electors and a candidate required at least 270 electoral votes to win the presidential election. In this year, George Bush got more votes from the electors, hence, he won the 54th quadrennial presidential election even though he lost in well-known votes.
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Level: Law School
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