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Neo-realism vs Neo-liberalism
In essence, they developed a neoliberal path, even though R. Keiokhan himself calls his theoretical method “institutionalism.” What are the coincidences and differences in the views of the neo-realists and neo-liberals? In the currently described collective operate of American neo-realists and neo-liberals, published in 1993 by Columbia University Press, its editor David Baldwin, acting as an arbitrator, discovered six crucial points characterizing the positions of both directions:
1) neo-liberals recognize that the international system is characterized by some “anarchy”, but, unlike the neo-realists, emphasizing its fundamental value, they think that certain models of interaction amongst states have been developed (R.Akselrod, R.Keyohan).
2) the neo-realists agree with the neo-liberals that international cooperation is possible, but unlike them they say that cooperation is difficult and a lot more dependent on state authorities.
3) neorealists insist that cooperation brings relative positive aspects) and neo-liberals – that it is totally helpful for its participants.
4) supporters of both approaches agree with such priorities of states as national energy and economic well-becoming, but neo-realists attach higher value to the very first priority, and neo-liberals to the second.
five) in contrast to the neoliberals, the neo-realists emphasize the significance of the true possibilities, the resources of states, than their political intentions.
six) Ultimately, the neo-realists recognize the influence and influence of international organizations on international relations, but believe that neo-liberals exaggerate their significance. Some American authors, such as J. Hertz, I. Claud, D. Nay, consider the theoretical differences between neo-liberalism and neo-realism as unimportant and even express the view that they express the identical views of “realistic liberalism.”
One of their determined representatives, Professor George Gricko, formulated the distinction amongst “liberal institutionalists” (to whom he integrated all the different opponents of the “realists” of the past from I. Kant and W. Wilson to behaviorists and style rnistov 60-70-ies.), “neoliberal institutionalism” (neo-liberalism) and “realism”, that is, neorealism.
On the complete, it seems that the neo-liberals, whose views have largely reflected the trends in the improvement of international relations in recent decades, are much more inclined to compromise with their opponents than neo-realists.One way or another, it is tough not to agree “with the withdrawal of one particular of the leaders of neoliberal institutionalism”: “The finish of the cold war took the participants of academic disputes between institutionalists and realists by surprise …”.
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