Published: 22-12-2019

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The Serious Problem of Air Pollution in Saudi Arabia and the Solutions to the Environmental Issue

Air pollution could be defined as any substance that may harm the atmosphere, and the living beings. Air pollution can be classified as visible and invisible. We can divide air pollution into two kinds, principal air pollutants and secondary pollutants (Miller). The harm causes by air pollution varies from spot to place, as determined by climate, social factors, and geography. For instance, the air pollution issue in Beijing differs from the air pollution dilemma in Los Angeles due to the fact of regional aspects specific to both locations. In Saudi Arabia, the air pollution dilemma is exclusive in that it is triggered by the enormous automobile market and efforts to address the problem need to also contemplate the cultural and place differences in order to fix this difficulty.

According to the U.S National Park Service, which cares for unique locations such as, national parks, historic places, and open spaces, defined the different kinds of pollution in their internet site stating, principal pollutants are pollution sources whereas, secondary pollutants are the chemical changes in the atmosphere, which is developed by major pollutant sources (National Parks Service). The supply shows that pollution leads and develops other issues. An example of indoor pollutants is cooking and, heating with biomass, outside, on the other hand, is the inefficient combustion of fuels for transport and energy generation (WHO). Motor vehicles have brought on a lot of troubles to humans and the environment. In my country, Saudi Arabia, there is only 1 primary means of travel, cars. The automobile is the most essential means of transportation in Saudi Arabia due to the fact public transportation is discouraged. Numerous men and women prefer their privacy in individual cars, and due to the heat, public transportation is uncomfortable. For several years in Saudi Arabia, there has been a frequent belief that public transportation is only secure for males. Moreover, legally, females are not permitted to be in public without a guardian with them. As a outcome, the automobile is also a significant contributor to air pollution simply because automobiles are the main supply of transportation.

Big element of the Arabian Desert is situated in Saudi Arabia, which attributes a hot climate. Men and women have a tendency to have bigger vehicles such as Land Cruisers and Jeeps to endure the harsh climates and weather changes. Bigger vehicles consume far more gas and pollute three to 5 instances a lot more than vehicles (“EPA“). In addition, in the Kingdom people have larger households that must all fit in one particular or two cars, simply because women do not drive. Additionally, gas is extremely inexpensive, so cars that are generally regarded as “gas guzzlers” are acceptable in Saudi Arabia. In this case study, we will appear at the issues, causes, and achievable options with regards to air pollution from motor vehicles in Saudi Arabia.

In many Saudi cities, motor autos are the cause of intense smog. Smog affects the overall air good quality. In Saudi Arabia the difficulties surrounding motor cars are only amplified due to the excessive use of them. In cities like Riyadh, smog is only amplified due to the harsh conditions. According to Julia Vergin’s article “10 Worst Cities for Smog”, she locations Riyadh on this list stating, “Sandstorms, like right here in Riyadh, can contribute to smog forming because they improve the quantity of particles in the air. In a location like Saudi Arabia, the intense ultra-violet rays also transform transport and industry emissions into ozone” (Vergin). Hence, with these harsh conditions, the car transportation use only amplified this issue. In Desert Solitaire by Edward Abbey, Abbey tells a story of a man who has invested money into the land to try and strike it wealthy in his future. Whilst the story is very intriguing, the important aspect of this story comes with the point Abbey is attempting to make. With the excessive use of the land and the cash that can be created by it, alternatively of breeding advantageous things from the land, it only brings destruction to these who overuse it. This is equivalent in that, in Saudi Arabia the overuse of autos due to the cheap cost of gas will only cripple the atmosphere. In American cities, which did not even make the list, the smog dilemma is not compounded because of the climate. Alternatively, American cities only deal with smog from motor cars alone.

Not driving is the resolution nonetheless, this solution is not practical and it would not be followed. In Saudi Arabia, a lot of individuals function in distinct cities that are up to two hours away from exactly where they reside. According to the Christian Science Monitor, “Here, exactly where gasoline is roughly 3 instances more affordable than the Water most Saudis drink, huge Lincoln Continentals and Cadillac’s are selling nicely. Saudi Arabia represents 1 of the handful of remaining lucrative markets for American-constructed luxury cars” (CSM). It is straightforward to drive to operate since the gas is extremely low-cost, and the roads in-amongst cities are clear from traffic. Imagine, a clear majority of men and women doing this every day, and how the already horrible pollution would only turn into worse. Although in other components of the globe the price of gasoline fluctuates tremendously according to economic trends, in Saudi Arabia it stays low simply because Saudi Arabia is the primary producer of gasoline whereas, in the United States gasoline is significantly higher because firms have to initial buy gasoline and then re-sell.

Furthermore, in Saudi Arabia there are only a couple of cities spread more than the complete country that are tourist sites. This means that if a single desires to travel to experience more enjoyable issues outside their city, they have to do some significant driving. The logical way to reduce emissions is to depend on a lot of other sources than cars. In other components of the planet, one would recognize the worth in making use of mass transit, bicycles, and walking whenever feasible. Even so, in Saudi Arabia there is a discouragement from carpooling or making use of public transportation. Families usually do not let their girls to be alone on buses and so they rather take them by their personal automobiles. Offered the structure of families and the social customs, the vehicle has grow to be the preeminent signifies of transportation.

The climate circumstances make it hard to use any kind of transportation other than a cooled vehicle. Offered the hot, arid climate in the area, the dilemma of air pollution is created worse due to the fact the atmosphere in this region is already fragile due to the climate conditions. When automobiles are fewer on the road the emission would be decrease resulting cleaner air (Miller). In addition, if Saudi Arabia could prevent Saudi’s from using vehicles irresponsibly, issues could have a opportunity of improving. In Saudi Arabia, many men and women surf in their vehicles on the sand dunes. This implies that a lot of Saudi’s are driving for entertaining, and not for necessity. However, there is small consequence for this trend. As you can envision, the Kingdom has a single of the highest prices of fatal vehicle accidents in the planet. There is a significant need for policy changes for issues to improve in the Kingdom. Some useful adjustments would include making the roads safer for ladies to drive, providing incentives for carpooling, and obtaining harsher penalties for irresponsible car use.

Air pollution is a massive difficulty facing the environment and its living creatures, especially humans. The focus of this case study is on motor autos, specially which is resulting from car exhaust emissions. To lessen emissions and minimize air pollution it makes sense that people must use transportation, bicycles, and walk as considerably as achievable. However, in a location like Saudi Arabia climate circumstances make this possibility virtually obsolete. Furthermore, policy adjustments on troubles such as gasoline, cars, and improvements are desperately needed to save the environment from these harsh impacts that are facing Saudi Arabia. To address the air pollution problem in Saudi Arabia, specific methods are required to help decrease the quantity of smog triggered by car pollution, and regulations should be put in location to make it more most likely that folks will lessen the amount of car use. The United States knows some of these consequences, however, in my country, these troubles are significantly much more sever and heart-breaking.
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