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Ainsworth’s strange situation: pros and cons
A strength of Ainsworth’s strange circumstance is its higher internal validity. Due to her use of a controlled condition Ainsworth could control a lot of of the elements within her experiment. Ainsworth controlled the experiment by utilizing the very same stranger all through the whole study, the amount of time with/with no the infant was assessed and the mother’s behaviour was controlled. One more strength of her study is that it was really effortlessly performed and observed. The study essential really small gear, except for a child friendly area and toys for the infant to interact with. As a outcome of the controlled condition the study can be replicated several instances to check the consistency of the findings. Also, researchers stood behind a 1-way mirror and observed the mother-child and stranger-kid relations that occurred.
On the other hand, a disadvantage of Ainsworth’s strange scenario is its low external validity. As a outcome of the experiment occurring in an artificial atmosphere, the data can't be easily applied to the outside world. The artificial atmosphere may have caused the youngster distress and for that reason impacted the benefits. An additional disadvantage of the study would be its cultural bias. The experiment was performed on only American mothers and infants, this reduces the representativeness of the information as attachments in other cultures may differ from ones in America. A final disadvantage of Ainsworth’s study is that it only research mother-infant relations, excluding father-infant attachments. In 1981, Main and Weston identified that youngsters acted differently in the strange predicament depending on which parent they had been with. Some young children showed insecure-attachments to their mothers, but safe attachments to their fathers, displaying that attachment kinds are linked to individual relationships with carers and not set qualities of children. Overall this shows that the strange scenario may not be a valid measure of attachment varieties.
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