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Published: 25-10-2019

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An Introduction to the Different Types of Euthanasia

Relief from pain, and preservation of well being and or life is the fundamental role of medicine and all the technologies linked with it. Even so, in some instances where the disease is a terminal a single with no identified cure, discomfort is the most devastating symptom. In such a case, the patient may shed any hope and wish to reside any longer and wish to end their life. Life sustaining remedy that serves to prolong life with no reversing the underlying circumstance is meaningless and as such the patient may provide consent to undergo death with out suffering- euthanasia. Euthanasia has more than the years been the cause of debates in several countries with each the law and religion against it. In this essay, I offer an in depth discussion of the variants of euthanasia.

Kinds of euthanasia

Voluntary euthanasia is when the patient requests for termination of life and gives cost-free consent for it. It is typically referred to as assisted suicide or homicide by request. The physician or nurse below the direct care of the patient may then provide a lethal biological agent with the sole purpose of causing death (Wilkinson, 1990).

Non voluntary euthanasia on the other hand occurs when the want of the patient is not identified, as is the case when the patient is in an irreversible coma. The selection to finish the life of the suffering patient is not taken by the patient themselves but by the society or a group of individuals or close relatives and family to the ailing person (Wilkinson, 1990).

Active euthanasia is based on the request of the patient that his/her life be ended, so the medical professional, or nurse administers a lethal agent with the objective of causing death. The advocates of euthanasia argue that the appropriate to die is implicit in the proper of life. They ask that the mentally competent person be offered the freedom to make a decision on regardless of whether they want to live or die. As the law stands nowadays, no one has the proper to do away with life, whether or not ones own or that of any other, except under certain circumstances such as war or after due process of law as a punishment (Wilkinson, 1990).

The intentional termination of the life of a human becoming is contrary to the principles and policies for which the medical profession stands irrespective of the situation of the patient.

Passive Euthanasia is when there is no active intervention to end life. The medical professional stands by passively enabling nature to take its lead to. The medical professional does not give any distinct medication against the progress of the illness. Life supporting measures are also avoided (Wilkinson, 1990).


Conclusively, euthanasia is a controversial process that seeks to bring about death to the terminally ill with out causing them suffering. The terminally ill are sufferers who are sick beyond the point of recovery and who are expected to die after a short period of time. Some of the variants of euthanasia include voluntary, non-voluntary, active and passive euthanasia.
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