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Published: 03-09-2019

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Comparing And Contrasting The English Bill Of Rights And Magna Carta

Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights are both historically significant documents while the Magna Carta was meant to serve as a peace treaty among upset barons and King John, the English Bill of Rights ensured that the monarchy inside England didn’t hold too much accumulated energy, and thus gave a lot more power to the Parliament. Though the English Bill of Rights ended up replacing the Magna Carta, and though both documents serve diverse purposes, they have an intriguing quantity of similarities. This paper will aim to analyze the similarities and differences between Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights by thoroughly comparing the two documents.

Each documents had been written due to a public at dismay. The Magna Carta was written simply because rebel barons had been fed up with the overwhelming energy of King John, and they felt that they were stripped away from standard rights and their free of charge will due to the government in England. Through the Magna Carta, they sought to offer themselves and those who will come soon after them the free of charge will and standard rights they deserve “To all cost-free guys of our kingdom we have also granted, for us and our heirs forever, all the liberties written out under, and to keep for them and their heirs, of us and our heirs” (King John, 1215) Even so, the Magna Carta didn’t demand the complete obliteration of the monarchy as the Bill of Rights had. The Bill of Rights, written practically 500 years soon after the Magna Carta, was written by a society that had just skilled the Glorious Revolution (“English Bill of Rights of 1689”, 2018), and demanded the end of the interference between the crown and the law. Overall, each documents have been written due to controversial circumstances in England, both had been a rebellion against British monarch where it minimized the monarchy’s energy, even though in diverse degrees, and each documents served to give energy and distinctive rights to the individuals.

Even though the Magna Carta was written in 1215 rebelling against King John, the English Bill of Rights was written soon after the Glorious Revolution in 1688 in a rebellion against King James II, and the monarch family members. The Magna Carta primarily addressed the baron’s demands of wanting a proper to trial jury, the king not becoming able to tax the public with out their consent, wanting an effective legal program exactly where law is exercised, and defending everyone’s house rights. On the other hand, the English Bill of Rights demanded freedom of speech and religion, abolishment of the monarchy’s interference inside law, elimination of cruel and torturous punishments, and eventually, a pathway that would make the Parliament stronger than the monarch (“The English Bill of Rights,” 1688). On an essential note, the Bill of Rights delivers a plan of free of charge elections and of a representative government. Similarly, Magna Carta wished to lessen the energy of the King and thereby presented a legal system exactly where “the barons shall elect twenty-5 of their number to keep” (King John, 1215). The English Bill of Rights simply built on this ideology. The key variations between the two documents is that the Magna Carta addressed the issues that the barons were dealing with during that time such as trials and crimes, and it didn’t seek out to grant any rights to the public overall as the English Bill of Rights had. The English Bill of Rights sought to acquire the freedom of expression, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech among many other freedoms to keep away from additional oppression from overwhelmingly potent monarchs. The Magna Carta placed limits on King John’s power, but the Bill of Rights ensured that the Parliament will constantly be more strong than the monarch.

As can be observed, the Magna Carta written in 1200s derived from rebellious barons who were fed up with King John’s ruling and wished to limit his powers and themselves certain rights, whereas the English Bill of Rights listed the injustice carried out by the monarchs and demanded a set of freedoms and rights to make certain that the Parliament will often have far more energy more than the monarch. Despite the fact that the Bill of Rights was written practically half a century right after the Magna Carta, it nonetheless has components from the Magna Carta such as the want for a representative government and the want for the elimination of cruel punishments.
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