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Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory vs Eric Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory

Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory Jean regarded himself a genetic epistemologist that concentrate on “How we come to know.” Piaget theory proposed by numerous stages of a kid exactly where transition from 1 stage to the other follows a sequence. Even though some of his suggestions have been supported through far more correlational and experimental methodologies, others have not. For instance, Piaget believed that biological improvement drives the movement from one cognitive stage to the subsequent. Data from cross-sectional research of children in a selection of western cultures appear to assistance this assertion for the stages of sensorimotor, preoperational, and concrete operations (Renner, Stafford, Lawson, McKinnon, Friot & Kellogg, 1976).

Eric Erikson’s Psychosocial Improvement Theory He developed his theory a lot later than Piaget did, but he also dealt in development with eight special stages across the life of a person. New hurdles characterized each stage the way the particular person deals with hurdles at a stage determines the aftermath. Consequently, naming of the stages occurred with the probably outcomes in mind. Eric theory was on identity, isolation, trust problems, insecurity, guilt from numerous ages, ranging from an infant to age twelve. Differences Erik’s theory focuses on the whole improvement approach in life in eight stages. He asserts that the atmosphere interacts with an individual to influence the development. In each and every of the phases, 1 encounters crisis and success depends on how he handles the challenges.

Abilities acquired in progression to yet another stage lessen insecurity in the person. These challenges occur in the lifespan from infancy to older age of an person. Piaget’s theory of cognitive improvement looks into believed processes of a particular person. His emphasis is mostly in the earlier stages under the age of twelve. Development of cognitive capabilities happens from infancy to the operational phase (above 12 years of age) where abstract thoughts make sense. Naming of the stages represents the cognitive skill attained in the child and adult. Regardless of the use of stages, they both differ on the timing aspect Erikson’s theory holds that the first stage ends at one particular-year-old although Piaget postulates that the very first stage ends at two years of age. Their views on the development process show outstanding variations in the late teens. Piaget views an adolescent as a rational getting with rational thoughts. Erik posits that at this stage, the teenager focuses on independence in choice-making, relationships, and self-discovery. Piaget’s stages emanated from study and observation even though in Erikson’s case it came from encounter. Since Erickson is from the psychoanalytic school of believed, he points out that the ego changes consistently altering the individual’s character.

Piaget solely focuses on modifications in his theory of 4 stages, totally ignoring ego in his evaluation. Erikson utilizes the social setting as the basis of his theory. Piaget bases his theory on the assumption of a child’s senses and capability as determinants of development. Similarities each of these theories examine the concern of developmental psychology employing phases to explain the approach. Each of the theories posits that every stage has different challenges in the development procedure. Hence, successive stages build upon each other to the extent that failure in the preceding stage also precipitates failure in the next stage. The two theories build on the notion that personality development requires location across a person’s lifespan.

For that reason, men and women get inspiration from the surroundings by means of the finding out approach. In turn, cognition influences the person to leave a mark in the society and appreciate accomplishment. They are also similar on their emphasis on scientific method of enquiries by means of controlled experiments of a laboratory investigation. Each of the theories have a profound impact on society, specially in early childhood education. However, the integration of the two gives greater answers to psychologists and educators on the very best way to teach young youngsters. Primarily based off the investigation by Steven Schlozman, M. D., Erik Erikson created the most widespread theories of emotional improvement. Jean Piaget developed the most typical theories of cognitive improvement. Lawrence Kohlberg created the dominant theories of moral development. Early Childhood, Adolescence, and Their Significance Early childhood and adolescence are substantial stages for folks, exactly where they develop physically to attain some form of independence. Cognitive improvement also takes spot with language being understood in the early years although abstract pondering happens at adolescence.

Social development and emotional expressions also accompany people in development although safety and safety at younger ages leads to a better outlook on the surroundings (Rathus 507). Piaget and Erikson contributed a lot in the field of improvement psychology. Functions Cited: 1. Rathus, Spencer. Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Improvement. New York: Centage finding out, 2010. Print two. Sensible, Julie. Disability across the Improvement Life Span. New York: Springer Publishing Firm, 2011. Print three. Snowman, Jack et al. Psychology Applied to Teaching. New York: Centage learning. 2011. Print320 pp., $25© Copyright 2004. 4. The Christian Science Monitor REFEENCES:320 pp., $25© Copyright 2004. 5. The Christian Science MonitorPiaget, J. (1936). Origins of intelligence in the child. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.www.mghclaycenter. org
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