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Novel Review: The Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad
The initial chapter of the novel is an excellent synthesis of numerous themes. All the themes are connected to two major characters- Charles Marlow and Mr. Kurtz. The themes utilised in the novel are: theme of evil, theme of imperialism, theme of lack of self-restraint, theme of isolation, theme of the exploration of darkness and theme of reality and look. All the themes are skillfully interwoven that they generate an artistic beauty, unified pattern or design and overall cast spell-bound impact more than the reader’s thoughts.
Lights of ships moved in the fairway — a great stir of lights going up and going down. And farther west on the upper reaches the spot of the monstrous town was still marked ominously on the sky, a brooding gloom in sunshine, a lurid glare below the stars.” And this also” said Marlow abruptly, “has been 1 of the dark places of the earth.” (Portion 1 Heart of Darkness) When a truckle-bed with a sick man (some invalid agent from up-country) was place in there, he exhibited a gentle annoyance. “The groans of this sick person” he said” Distract my focus, and with no that, it is very tough to guard against clerical errors in this climate.” (Element 1 Heart of Darkness).
The white men have always treated the Blacks as the ‘other’ and have constantly portrayed a theory of civilizing the uncivilized. Below this rhetorical theory of civilization they have always manipulated the sources of the colonized for the lust of wealth and energy. Their inhuman behavior for the colonized usually depicted their evil deeds. The hypocrisy of ‘civilized’ Europeans is clear from their acts of torture, cruelty, and close to-slavery inflicted upon the natives in the name of enlightening them. In truth, the Africans were just objects to be used by Europeans in their request for booty. This is act of Hypocritical imperialism is still in function in the modern globe beneath the banner of globalization. The west is nevertheless colonizing our thoughts, culture, economy and so on, if not straight but indirectly. ‘Imperialism’ as defined by the Dictionary of Human Geography, is “an unequal human and territorial partnership, generally in the form of an empire, based on concepts of superiority and practices of dominance, and involving the extension of authority and control of one particular state or men and women over one more.” It is usually regarded as in a negative light, as merely the exploitation of native individuals in order to enrich a tiny handful.
The Heart of Darkness is a distinguished masterpiece of Joseph Conrad dealing with the major troubles of world. All the experiences of Marlow have been Conrad’s reactions to what he had observed during his travel to the Congo. White imperialism has been presented by means of the various traits with whom the novelist came into get in touch with. The Business of the white man was ruling the Congo. Savages and wild guys have been the victims of them.“I was pondering of extremely old occasions, when the Romans very first came right here nineteen hundred years ago…. Lights came out of this river since…. [I]t is like a operating blaze on a plain, like a flash of lightning in the clouds. We live in the flicker—may it last as extended as the old earth keeps rolling! But darkness was here yesterday.” (four)Marlow, the narrator gives the keynote of the theme of imperialism. This notion narrated by Marlow at the really outset of the novel. Marlow spoke about the ancient Roman conquerors of Britain.
In history it is mentioned that the ancient Romans had been extremely brute and inflicted a lot of cruelties on the Englishmen. The ancient Romans looted what they could get in Britain. As Marlow remarks the conquest of Britain was ‘robbery with violence’. Marlow didn’t felt the conquest as a sentimental pretense but an thought which was un selfish. All the conquerors could be pardoned! A conqueror could be excused if he performed some construct work in the uncivilized nation which he has forcibly captured.
Marlow didn’t use the phrase White Man’s Burden but he expressed this notion really implicitly and was not obtruding and moralizing in the novel. The white man had particular obligations and responsibilities towards uncivilized men and women whom he subdued physically and mentally. He came with various methods to govern the country. But his motive should not be humanitarian but helped the savages on moral grounds“Hunters for gold or pursuers of fame, they all had gone out on that stream, bearing the sword, and usually the torch, messengers of the may possibly within the land, bearers of a spark from the sacred fire. What greatness had not floated on the ebb of that river into the mystery of an unknown earth”!(Conrad1.six).
Marlow’s encounter in the Congo indicates that the white man was not performing his duty attentively. The white man was brute and wild in order to extract the ivory from them. Congo which was full of mine sources was exploited and misused by the explorers in order to become wealthy and imperialist. All the characters of the novel had been mentioning ivory once again and once more and the natives of Congo were exploited by indulging them into the trade. Mr. Kurtz 1 of the protagonist of the novel was so obsessed with the each and every that he after threatened to kill the Russian man just for a small quantity of ivory.Sandbanks, marshes, forests, savages-valuable little to consume fit for a civilized man, nothing at all but Thames water to drink. No Falernian wine here, no going ashore.” (five)“They have been guys enough to face the darkness.” (five) “They have been dying slowly—it was really clear. They have been not enemies, they had been not criminals, and they had been nothing at all earthly now-practically nothing but black shadows of disease and starvation….” (18)The white-males had been selfish and hypocrite.
They had been merely wasting time and effort to show they have been rendering constructive functions. They started project aimlessly. For example, they had planned to build a railway project in Congo and the natives have been forced to function like animals. The individuals have been moving like ants. The males have been chained in each other and have been created function with out any rest or fold provided to them as a source of punishment. The men and women were suffering from diseases, starvation and death. The white man in order to impose their superiority and worry on the natives had been firing aimlessly into the bushes. The entire scenario narrated by Marlow depicts the cruelty of white man over their subjects for the lust of wealth and power. On the other side portrays the sufferings and the miseries faced by the natives under imperialistic rule.Imperialism had its ill effects over the colonized nations of Africa.
The Europeans came from distant locations and conquered the natives of the continent. Firstly they fooled the individuals of the colonized nations in the name of ‘civilizing’ them. And later exploited them mentally and physically and took control more than the all-natural resources.The Europeans conquered nearly the entire planet for their lust and greed of immense wealth and energy. They dominated the culture, the education, ideology, and the political program of the colonialized countries. They took the theory of White Man’s Burden across the globe for civilizing the uncivilized and exploited the natives. Their culture, language, education, political set up, are still imperializing that of the colonized. Even soon after decades of the finish of the colonization, the seeds which they have sown in the course of the colonized period are nevertheless sprouting out.
The Intentions of Europeans have usually been to exploit the nations they conquer both economically and socially. They always strengthen their capital and spread their culture and ideology all through the whole world which is nevertheless prevailing in our whole society. They deal with evil inhuman brutality with their subjects if they ever opposed their authority. The foreign policy of the western countries aims at enhancing domination more than the other states of world in a diplomatic manner.Conrad has not only exposed share futility of the Belgian imperialist but simultaneously reminds us about the British imperialist of his time. At that time all the African nations were not completely explored and most of the countries of Asia have been governed by Chiefly the British males. Conrad’s condemnation of imperialism gas it is fantastic worth for both who were exploited and who were the exploiters.
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